Latest News

YoY Measures of Inflation: Services, Goods and Shelter


Here a few measures of inflation:

The first graph is the one Fed Chair Powell has been mentioning.

Click on graph for larger image.

This graph shows the YoY price change for Services and Services less rent of shelter through February 2023.

Services were up 7.6% YoY as of February 2023, unchanged from 7.6% YoY in January.

Services less rent of shelter was up 6.9% YoY in February, down from 7.2% YoY in January.

Will services ex-shelter inflation be persistent, or will it follow a similar pattern as goods?   This is a topic I discussed yesterday in Pandemic Economics, Housing and Monetary Policy: Part 2.

The second graph shows that goods prices started to increase year-over-year (YoY) in 2020 and accelerated in 2021 due to both strong demand and supply chain disruptions.

Durables were at -1.8% YoY as of February 2023, down from -1.3% YoY in January.

Commodities less food and energy commodities were up 1.0% YoY in February, down from 1.3% YoY in January.

Goods inflation was transitory.

Here is a graph of the year-over-year change in shelter from the CPI report (through February) and housing from the PCE report (through January 2023)

Shelter was up 8.1% year-over-year in February, up from 7.9% in January. Housing (PCE) was up 8.0% YoY in January.

The BLS noted this morning: “The index for shelter was the largest contributor to the monthly all items increase, accounting for over 70 percent of the increase [in CPI]”.

BLS: CPI increased 0.4% in February; Core CPI increased 0.5%

Previous article

2nd Look at Local Housing Markets in February

Next article

You may also like


Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

More in Latest News